When industrial pavement design is done correctly, it can make the difference between a smooth and efficient operation and one leading to costly breakdowns. For this reason, industrial pavement designs should always be taken seriously when considering how best to optimize an industrial site for maximum efficiency. This article will explore the essentials of industrial pavement design in detail to help you make informed decisions about your industrial project.
Types of Industrial Operations
There are three types of industrial operations that require an industrial pavement design. These include, but may not be limited to, industrial roads for heavy trucks and other industrial vehicles, industrial railways used by the same type of traffic, freight trains, and airfields where airplanes land and take off. The transportation loadings must either match the industrial pavement design or be tested and approved by a laboratory.
Industrial roads, industrial railways, and airfields can see a lot of heavy traffic. For this reason, it is vital to know the amount of wear that each vehicle will cause and the total number for all vehicles throughout an entire year. The design life cycle should consider how long those vehicles are using the industrial pavement and how often.
When designing an industrial road, it is crucial to know where heavy trucks will travel before they leave the industrial site so that their weight can be considered when choosing materials for the asphalt mix design. The maximum axle loadings are also significant since this information helps determine the number of lanes a road will need and the pavement thickness and drainage requirements.
Industrial roads need to be designed so that they quickly allow water to drain and remain mud-free. This is especially important in areas where rain falls frequently, and industrial traffic mixes with residential or farming vehicles, which saturate the road more than industrial trucks do.
The subgrade of an industrial road must also be carefully considered. If the industrial road is in an area with sandy soil, the subbase of the industrial pavement will need to be built stronger than if it is built on clay or rock, which can hold up better against compaction and curbside wear.
Safety is the most critical factor in industrial pavement design. Industrial roads must be safe for both the drivers and pedestrians who use them. This means building industrial pavements with safety indicators like rumble strips, reflective dividers between lanes, effective lighting systems which can boost visibility when it is dark out or foggy (depending on the weather conditions), and signs to indicate the industrial road’s route.
Aesthetic designs are becoming increasingly important for industrial pavements. Therefore, industrial roads will often have decorative pavement markings or signage indicating what type of machinery can access the industrial site and other helpful information necessary for drivers who use these roads daily.
Designing a pavement is an art and a science. The design needs to consider your project’s material, traffic loads, surface type, and drainage requirements. At Athens-Atlanta Asphalt Co., Inc., our asphalt repairs and asphalt paving service can help you with all of these considerations when designing industrial pavements in Duluth. Contact us today for a free quote on our services.